YINGYUXUEXIZHEHUIYINWEIYILAIZIJIDEMUYU,CONGERZAIYUFA、FAYINHECIHUIFANGMIANFANYIXIETEDINGDECUOWUMA?YIGEZHUMINGDELIZIJIUSHI,SHUOSILAFUYUYANDEREN,LIRUBOLANYU,CHANGCHANGHUIYILOUDIAOGUANCI(RU:she bought new car.);ERSHUOLUOMANSIYUDEREN,LIRUYIDALIYU,OUERYOUHUIHUASHETIANZU(I love the my sister!),YAZHOUYUXIDEREN(LIRUGAOMIANYUHUORIBENYU)ZEQINGXIANGYUHUIJIANGheHEsheNONGHUN,CONGERZAOCHENGGOUTONGKUNNAN。

ZAIBUTONGDEWENHUAZHONG,YUYANDEGUAIPI(ERBUSHICUOWU)YEGEBUXIANGTONG。YIDALIDEYINGYUXUEXIZHEQINGXIANGYUGUODUSHIYONGniceZHEIGECI(SHENMEQINGKUANGXIADOUSHIZHEIYANG,BAOKUOSHIYONGa nice horror film);JIANPUZHAIRENZEXIHUANSHUOa small party;SHUOBOLANYUDERENXIHUANJIANGXUDUOSHIWUMIAOSHUCHENGa huge problem;RIBENDEXUESHENGZONGSHIMENGXIANGZHEbeautiful views。

XIAMIANSHIGEGUOYINGYUXUEXIZHERONGYIFANCUOWUDEDIFANG:

1.) Subject-verb agreemet: *My sister like One Direction.
主谓一致:(我妹妹喜欢单向乐队。)

YINGYUDONGCIXIANGDUIJIANDAN,ZHIYAONIJIZHUZAIXIANZAISHIZHONG,JIANGhe,sheHEitTONGGUOJIASHANG-sSHAOZUOBIANDONGJIUKEYI。

✓My sister likes One Direction. [My sister=she]
(我妹妹喜欢单向乐队。)

✓Giovanni really loves swimming. [Giovanni=he]
(乔瓦尼真的很喜欢游泳。)

✓That restaurant serves Khmer food. [That restaurant=it]
(那家餐馆卖的是高棉食物。)

2.) Pronunciation of th:Yes, I sink so/Yes, I tink so/Yes, I fink so for Yes, I think so.
(th的发音):是,我是这么觉得的。

嘉年华彩票注册平台 thDEFAYINZAIYINGYUZHONGHENCHANGJIAN,DANTASHIFEIYINGYUMUYURENZUINANFADEYINZHIYI。TAMENXIGUANYUCAIYONGGEZHONGCELVELAIBIMIANTA,QIZHONGYIXIEYERIYIBEIYINGYUMUYUZHELAICAIYONG。SHISHISHANG,YIXIEYUYANXUEJIAXIANGXIN,JIAOHUADEthHUIZAIJIDAIRENDESHIJIANLICONGYINGSHIYINGYUZHONGXIAOSHI。

3.) Please! in the wrong context (when giving or offering someone something)
please的位置错误(在给某人某物时)

嘉年华彩票注册平台 ZHEISHIYIGEXUESHENGCONGZIJIMUYUZHONGFANYICHUpleaseDEJINYICIDEJINGDIANDELIZI,pleaseJINGCHANGDANDUSHIYONG。ZAIYINGYUZHONG,WOMENYIBANYONGpleaseLAISHIDEYAOQIUHUOJIENAXIANDEROUHE。

✓Would you pass me the water, please?
(请把水递给我好吗?)

✓Please come this way.
(请往这边走。)

✓More coffee? – Yes, please!
还要来点咖啡吗?——好的!

ZAIQITADEQINGXINGZHONG,WOMENQINGXIANGYUSHIYONGJUTIDEDUANYU。LIRU,ZAIJIMOURENMOUWUSHI,WOMENHUISHUOthere you areZHILEIDEHUA;ZAIXIANGGUKEZHANSHIKAFEIGUANLIDEZUOWEISHI,WOMENKENENGHUISHUOplease have a seat;ZAIJIKERENSHANGCAISHI,WOMENHUISHUOEnjoy your meal!

4.) Problems with prepositions, particularly: *My sister loves listening music.
特别是介词的问题:我妹妹爱听音乐。

JIECIZONGSHIKUNRAOZHEXUESHENG,JISHISHIGAONIANJIDEXUESHENG。YINWEITAMENZONGSHISUIZHEYUYANDEBUTONGERBIANHUA。YILOUDIAOlisten toZHONGDEtoZHEISHIGEDIYINGYUXUEXIZHECHANGFANDECUOWUZHIYI。ZAIYINGYUZHONG,WOMENTONGCHANGSHIlisten to MOURENHUOMOUWU(BIAOSHIYUEDUSHUJIZEBUXUYAOJIECI)。

✓My sister loves listening to music.
我妹妹爱听音乐。

5.) Using -ing instead of -ed: I was very boring!
用-ing形式替代-ed形式:我感觉很无聊!

ZAIYIXIEYUJINGZHONG,ZHEIJUHUASHIWUKEZHIZHAIDE,DANSHIXUESHENGMENXIANGYAOBIAODADEYISISHI:

✓I was very bored!
(我感觉很无聊!)

嘉年华彩票注册平台 JIANG-ingHE-edNONGHUNHUIRANGRENMOBUZHETOUNAO:YI-edJIEWEIDEFENCIMIAOSHUDESHIRENNEIXINDEGANSHOU,ERYI-ingJIEWEIDEFENCIMIAOSHUDEZESHIZAOCHENGZHEIXIEGANSHOUDERENHUOWU。JIZHUZHEIGECHABIEDEYIGEJINGYANFAZEJIUSHI:

(people) Ed is bored.
(人)Ed感觉很无聊。

(thing) Ironing is boring.
(物)熨衣服真无聊。

6.) Missing out articles: *Woman goes to school.
遗漏冠词:Woman goes to school.

HENDUOYUYANGENBENBUSHIYONGGUANCI,YINCIYINGYUZHONGDEDINGGUANCIHEBUDINGGUANCIJIUXIANDECHULEMINGDEFUZA,JISHISHIGAONIANJIDEXUESHENGYEHENFEIJING。XUESHENGXIANGBIAODADESHIThe woman goes to school,HAISHIA woman goes to the school,YIHUOSHAOYOUCHABIEDEJUZINI?

XINGYUNDESHI,GUANCISHIYONGCUOWUHENSHAODUIYIYICHANSHENGYINGXIANG(ZHEIYANGDELIZIYEHENSHAO),DANBIAODAZHUNQUEDIANGENGHAO。

7.) Mixing up the present perfect and past simple: *Last year we have been to Thailand.
将现在完成时和一般过去时弄混:Last year we have been to Thailand.(去年我们去了泰国。)

嘉年华彩票注册平台 XIANZAIWANCHENGSHITAIGENQITAYUYANZHONGSHIYONGDEFANGSHIBUTONG,ZENYANGZHENGQUESHIYONGYESHIXUDUOXUESHENGTOUTENGDEDIFANG。JIANGYINGYUDERENWEILETONGSHITAOLUNGUOQUSHIHEXIANZAISHI,JIUDEXIANGLIANGZILUNXUEJIAYIYANGSHIYONGZHEXIANZAIWANCHENGSHITAI。

嘉年华彩票注册平台 DANSHI,DANGWOMENTIJIYIDUANWANZHENGDESHIJIANSHI,LIRUZAOCHEN,QUNIANHUOZHE20SHIJI90NIANDAI,WOMENTONGCHANGSHIYONGGUOQUSHI。

✓Last year we went to Thailand.
(去年我们去了泰国。)

8.) Forming questions incorrectly, particularly: *How long you stay?
提问错误,尤其是:How long you stay?你呆了多久

嘉年华彩票注册平台 TIWENYEHUIDAOZHIWENTI,YINWEI,YINGYUGENQITAYUYANBUYIYANG,TAJINGCHANGBIANHUANCIYUDESHUNXU(You are PeruvianBIANCHENGAre you Peruvian?)HUOZHE,ZAISHIFOULEITIWENSHI,ZEXUYAOZHUDONGCI。(You like chocolateBIANCHENGDo you like chocolate?)

ZHEIGESHUOFABENSHENLAISHUOSHIMOHUDE,XUESHENGXIANGBIAODADEZHENDESHIZHEIGEYISIMA?

✓How long are you staying (here for)? (i.e. looking into the future)
你在这里要呆多久?(即展望未来)

Or:✓How long have you been here? (i.e. looking into the past)?
你在这里呆了多久了?(即回顾过去)

9.) Not using the present perfect continuous: *She works here for three years.
不使用现在完成进行时:She works here for three years.(她在这里工作了三年。)

ZHEIZAIHENDUOYUYANZHONGSHIYIGEFUHELUOJIDEFANYI,DANSHIYINGYUYAOQIUYONGXIANZAIWANCHENGJINXINGSHILAIMIAOSHUKAISHIZAIGUOQU,XIANZAIRENGZAIJIXUDEDONGZUO。

✓She has been working here for three years.
(她在这里工作了三年。)

10.) Using since instead of for: *I’ve been living in Tokyo since two months.
使用since来替代for:I’ve been living in Tokyo since two months.(我在东京已经住了两个月。)

XUESHENGMENSIHUZONGSHIJIANGsinceDEYONGFANONGCUO。

事实上,since是在谈到具体的时间点时使用。

since:
自从:

1 o’clock
(一点钟)

Yesterday
(昨天)

my birthday
(我的生日)

for是在谈论一段时间时使用

for:

a day
(一天)

two weeks
(两周)

the whole year
(一整年)

In other words:
换句话说:

✓I’ve been living in Tokyo for two months.
(我在东京已经住了两个月。)

声明:本双语文章的中文翻译系沪江英语原创内容,转载请注明出处。中文翻译仅代表译者个人观点,仅供参考。如有不妥之处,欢迎指正。

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